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Succeeding in an Online Course
There are many advantages to online courses; they allow you to learn whenever, wherever, and however works best for you, making it easier to balance work and family commitments.
Online courses can present unique challenges, however, if you’re not prepared. But if you develop skills for effective online learning, you’ll find the courses can be an excellent alternative to a traditional classroom setting. Here are some tips for online learning success to make sure you get the most value out of your online experience.
Lesson 1: What is an online course?
The most direct and simple explanation is that an online course is a course conducted over the Internet. In order to participate in your class you will be required to log in over the internet and do things like access class documents, read announcements, communicate with your instructor and classmates, complete assignments, participate in discussions and groupwork, and take quizzes and tests.
Most of your work in an online class will be asynchronous, which means you can do your coursework at whatever time of the day you want even at 2a.m. in your pajamas. Just be sure, of course, to submit your work by the required deadlines.
The exception to participating at your own time frame is during weekly required chats. Sure, you can still wear your pajamas, but these chats take place once a week in a chatroom or in a web conference, and they are conducted in real-time, synchronously. Your instructor will announce the dates and times when your course begins so you can plan your schedule through the next 8 weeks of class.
Casa Loma’s courses are designed in a linear format using weekly modules. In other words, you complete one module per week before moving to the next, and you work within the instructor’s timeline, not yours. Coursed are not self-paced.
In a sense there is flexibility within each module, however, in that you can complete your assignments and submit them any time within the week. You can also post to the discussion forums anytime within the week so long as you are sure to post at least three different days.
Lesson 2: What do you need to know about online courses to be succesful?
Taking courses online works well for many students, but the truth is that they are not easier than residential courses.
To be successful in the online environment you must learn to be an independent learner, self-motivated, and have decent computer skills. If you are a procrastinator who relies heavily on the instructor for motivation and can’t use a computer very well, you will need to incorporate new learning skills so you can succeed in your required online courses.
Ways that online courses are beneficial:
- Lifestyle. Many students juggle work and family, and they just can’t get to campus as often as an entirely residential program requires. If you are organized and disciplined you will do well in your online courses and reap the benefits of only being on campus a few days a week.
Format. Many students like the interactive nature of online courses. For example, students can feel more confident participating in class discussions because they have adequate time to organize their thoughts and post something they feel proud of. Some students really enjoy using the technology.
Convenience. Students don’t have to deal with traffic or parking problems. You can complete your assignments from home or work.
Lesson 3: 10 facts you need to know about online courses
- Online courses require at least as much time dedicated by the student as face-to-face courses. Typically, successful students report spending more time, not less, than with a face-to-face class.
- Textual materials presented on the Internet are the primary source of directions and information for online courses; therefore, strong reading skills are very important for success in an online course.
- You should be able to complete the following tasks to be successful in an online course: navigate the Internet, use email, including attaching a file to an email message, download a program and install it, and do a search on the Web.
- Online courses require frequent and diverse uses of technology for accessing information and assignments; therefore, you need to be comfortable working with various types of technology to be successful.
- Online students sometimes neglect courses because of personal or professional circumstances, unless they have specific and compelling reasons for taking the course. Procrastination is the most common pitfall in taking an online course.
- Some students prefer the independence of online courses, while others find it uncomfortable.
- Online courses offer students greater freedom of scheduling, but they can require more self-discipline than face-to-face courses.
- Some people learn best by interacting with others. The individual student must take responsibility for regularly contacting other students and the instructor.
- Online courses require more self-direction since face-to-face instructions are sometimes not available.
- In online courses, instructors are not able to respond to questions immediately like they are in face-to-face classes.
Lesson 4: Succesful study strategies
Get ready to learn
Before the class even begins, make sure that you are organized. Here are a few things you can do to prepare for your online course:
- Create a folder on your computer, and label it with the name of the online class. Save all of your work and course documents into this folder. You might also want to create sub-folders within your main folder, and label them “Assignments”, “Research”, “Notes”, etc.
- If you are the type of student who needs hard copies of class materials, purchase folders or binders to hold your printouts. Label your folders or binders, and perhaps even color-code them for specific tasks. If you prefer to take notes with a pencil or pen (as opposed to typing), purchase and label a notebook.
- Create a folder inside your email program, and label it with the name of the class. Move class emails into this folder so they won’t get mixed in with your personal email. If your instructor uses the Messages tool in Blackboard, you can create folders by topics and move emails into them.
Choose the right time and place to study
If you’re like many students who learn online, you probably juggle your studies with work, family, or both. In addition, there’s your social life, leisure time, exercise, and possibly other things in your life. Therefore, you need to schedule in time for your studies. And since you’ll be using a computer, you need to make sure that you and your computer are in the proper location for studying.
Use a calendar to schedule your study time and your discussion posting. Include logging into the class and completing classwork online as part of your study time. Schedule your study time in one- or two-hour blocks, and try to stick to your schedule.
Of course, only you know when your concentration level is the highest, so schedule your studying during that time. If you typically fall asleep around 11 p.m., don’t begin studying at 10:30.
Some other tips:
- Schedule some of your study time prior to your weekly chat. This way, if you have questions, you can get answers fairly quickly.
- For midterms, finals, research papers, or any other big project, schedule your study time far enough in advance to avoid a big rush of work close to the due date.
- For tasks such as those above, break the work up into manageable amounts. Study two chapters a day in the week prior to the midterm, for example, instead of all eight the night before.
Where you study can be equally important as when you study. Obviously, you’ll need to pick a place that is quiet and free of distractions. If you’re like many online students, that place will be at home.
- Make sure your study environment has good lighting and ventilation. Try to reduce glare on your computer screen.
- Have plenty of room for study materials: texts, notes, paper, pencils, dictionary, reference books, etc.
- If you use a laptop, do not place the computer on your lap while leaning back in a reclining chair. You increase your chances of falling asleep. The same applies with reading a book. Use a chair with a supportive back, and place the laptop on a desk or table. The heat from a laptop can cause discomfort to your lap, as well.
Lesson 5: Dont Procrastinate
This dynamic changes online because you choose when you want to log into your class. And although the instructor can post announcements and send multiple emails to remind you to do your work, if you don’t check your email or log into your class often, those emails and announcements don’t do much good.
An overlooked problem with procrastination is the inevitable technical glitch. Some students have missed due dates because they waited until the very end to complete assignments only to have their computer crash or their ISP fail.
Self-discipline can counteract procrastination, and you will need it to succeed online. Using your calendar properly can help minimize procrastinating. But it is only a start. If you have a tendency to procrastinate — after all, you are human — here are some strategies to get you on the right track:
- Set really specific goals. Instead of “Finish Module 1 tasks”, write down “Complete email assignment, and complete discussion assignment.”
- After you write down all of your goals for a day or a week, prioritize them.
- For assignments, such as research papers, that have due dates far into the future, impose your own deadlines for finishing specific parts of the assignment.
- Enforce your starting and ending times.
- Reward yourself for accomplishing goals.
Lesson 6: Develop a support system
Within the class itself, it’s recommended that you identify one or more classmates with whom you can review assignments, prepare for exams, provide moral support, etc. Here are some possible ways for you to connect with other students:
- Use email to communicate
- Share phone numbers with other students to communicate by phone
- Form study groups so you can meet in person, if you live close enough to each other.
Also be sure you are proactive and keep in touch with your instructor and program director. If you find you are struggling in an online class you still have options for tutoring and other support available to you as you do for your residential courses.
Lesson 7: Participate Actively in Your Class
Therefore, if you have questions about anything in class, ask them. Your discussion forums are there to discuss the weekly material as well as any questions you might have with the material. Don’t be afraid to ask questions in the forum, chances are some of your fellow students have the same or similar question. Besides it can also contribute to interesting discussion. If your question is more of a personal nature related to your progress in the course, please email those questions directly to your instructor.
Instructors always welcome questions from students. In the opening module titled Course Description, you will see the various ways in which you can contact your instructor.
Lesson 8: Read Actively and Take Notes
Don’t way too long to ask for help so that you still have sufficient time to complete your assignment within the deadline.
There will be a lot of reading in an online course, not just in your textbook but also on the Web. It is important that you read actively in order to help you better understand the material.
Reading actively doesn’t mean just taking notes while you are reading; it also involves developing a mental strategy for reading. The following is a strategy you can use while reading your textbook.
- Prior to reading, recall the main ideas of the topic you just finished studying. When you look at the topic you are about to read, try to predict what you think you will learn.
- Preview the reading. Scan for, and read, headings, subheadings, bolded text, definitions, graphs, illustrations, and diagrams. Based on your preview, revise your predictions if necessary. Also, create a list of questions you want answered in the reading.
- Read carefully. Go back to the beginning, and start reading. While doing so, make a mental note each time one of your predictions was addressed and one of your questions was answered.
- Determine the most important sections of the reading, and summarize them. Keep your summaries short and write them in your own words. If you are a more visual learner, create your own visual aids by writing key points and connecting the relationships among them with lines or arrows. You can even draw pictures that represent points.
- If you are sure that the content of the reading is going to show up on a test, you might want to take more detailed notes, probably in an outline format. Prior to doing this, most students like to mark their books. If you mark your books, don’t mark everything; try to decipher the most important words, phrases, and sentences, and mark those.
- Connect graphics to text. For example, after reading a section that has an accompanying diagram, study that diagram until you fully understand the section.
- Review your notes carefully.
- If you have questions on anything you didn’t understand in the reading, ask your instructor or your classmates.
Lesson 9: Be Active While Preparing For, and Taking, Exams
All quizzes and exams are timed so make sure you allow yourself enough time to complete.
When you begin studying for the exam, try to study in one- to two-hour time blocks to help keep your mind fresh. Also, take breaks between study sessions; simply getting up and moving around can help refresh your mind and body.
Some other pointers include:
- Review actively. Pay attention to areas in the weekly material where you have difficulty. It’s a good idea to ask for clarification on anything as you go along so you will be ready if it shows up on a quiz.
- For an essay exam, practice writing short paragraphs on topics covered in class.
- Anticipate the kinds of questions the instructor might ask. Make up a test yourself, and see if you can answer the questions correctly.
- Set up a study group or schedule study sessions with your group if you already have one. Ask each other questions, and discuss important concepts. Stay on task; this is not time for socializing.
Once you are ready to take the quiz or exam and if it is allowed you may want to scan all the questions first to see what you are going to need to know.
Here are some other strategies while taking the exam:
- Answer the questions you’re sure of first. If there are matching questions, answer the items you know first, then guess at the rest. If it’s a multiple choice test, eliminate the obviously incorrect answers first. If it’s a true/false test, look for key words such as “always,” “sometimes,” “never,” and “usually.”
- Do some brainstorming before you begin answering essay questions. Jot down key words, ideas, concepts, phrases. Try some free writing to loosen up. Divide up the allotted time so you’ll have time to recopy (if necessary) and to proofread carefully.
- If you have several essay questions to answer, divide the time equally among the number of questions. For example, if you must answer four questions in two hours, limit yourself to 30 minutes per question.
- Try to allow yourself time at the end to double-check your answers.
Make sure you have answered all of the questions before clicking the Save and Submit button. You can’t inadvertently submit an exam by accidentally clicking Save and Submit or pressing Enter on your keyboard because a dialog box will pop up, asking you to confirm your submission. However, it’s good practice to review your answers prior to submitting.
Lesson 10: Research Effectively and Efficiently
Lesson 11: Communicating Online
Lesson 12: Netiquette
- Don’t capitalize all letters while posting a thought or emailing someone. THIS IS CONSIDERED SHOUTING, AND IT IMPLIES THAT YOU ARE ANGRY. Capitalize words only to highlight an important point or to distinguish a title or heading.
- Never use profanity or make hurtful comments toward someone or when referring to someone’s work. This is considered flaming.
- Be careful when using humor or sarcasm; you never know how someone else will interpret it.
- Be respectful of diverse opinions.
- Don’t post inappropriate pictures, links or comments. Use your good judgment.
A simple rule to follow is to communicate with people in the same manner you want them to communicate with you; that is, in a friendly, respectful way. Also, it is helpful to think of your classes as preparation for your professional life. Learning to communicate clearly and effectively is critical in the professional setting. Practicing here will be incredibly helpful.
Lesson 13: Emoticons, Acronyms
Whether you are using email or the Discussion Board, you should also be aware of some other issues:
- When attaching a file, make sure your recipient(s) can open it. For example, if you attach a WordPerfect document, there’s a chance that someone doesn’t have a program to open that file. It’s best to stick with Microsoft Word or RTF (rich text format). If you know how to create PDF documents, anyone can read those with Adobe’s free PDF Reader.
- When attaching a file, make sure your document isn’t overly large. Some email programs won’t allow you to receive a document that exceeds a file size limit, and Blackboard might not even let you attach such a large file.
- Before attaching a file, scan it for viruses. Your recipients — and their computers — will be grateful.
Here are some specific tips for writing email:
- Identify yourself in your email… your name may be in your email address but it is good practice to identify yourself in the body of an email so your instructor doesn’t have to search for who you are.
- Make sure that the subject line of your email is relevant. Your instructor and classmates should be able to tell what the topic of your email is just by glancing at the subject line. If your instructor gave you directions on exactly what to write in the subject line for email sent to her, follow them. Some instructors won’t accept emails that don’t follow the class protocol.
- When replying to an email, choose to include the original message in your reply for easy referral by the originator.
- Before you send your email, review it to make sure it says exactly what you want it to say.
A couple more things about email in an online course: First, don’t forward someone else’s email without their permission. Second, read your instructor’s policy on how quickly he or she will reply to your email. Keep in mind that instructors are not online and teaching 24/7 although they are required to reply to your email within 24 hours. In the world of texting and instant messaging 24 hours can seem like a long time so if it is an emergency it may be easier to make a phone call.
Lesson 14: Online Student Ethics
Cheating and Plagiarism policies can be found in the Casa Loma Catalog and Student Handbook. It’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with them before you begin your classes.
Lesson 15: Inappropriate Postings
- Posting lewd or suggestive pictures in your class
- Posting jokes that can be interpreted as offensive
- Posting racist, sexist, or other hateful comments
- Posting profanities